Sommaire RET 7

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Un ‘nuovo’ testimone di De magia e Florida di Apuleio. Il cod. Sloane 2586 della British Library – p. 1-10. 

Abstract: The MS Sloane 2586 of the British Library (= S1), containing Apuleius’ De magia (Apologia) and Florida, previously known but never studied, is for the first time extensively analysed, especially as to refer its position in the stemma codicum. After a careful collation, we can exclude its derivation from the Vaticanus Urbinas 199 and the Leidensis Oudendorpianus 34 (Dorvillianus), the two MSS which share extrinsic aspects with S1 (I refer essentially to the presence of Latin translations of Greek passages). Vice versa, the Sloane 2586 reveals a strict connection with the MSS of the I class, and even more with the editio princeps by G.A. Bussi (Romae 1469), since Robertson considered as a witness of the best family of MSS. If S1 does not appear of great value for the constitutio textus, we can finally set it in its place in the transmission of De magia and Florida: the place of a Druckapographon.


Tertullien décurion de Carthage ? – p. 11-28.

Abstract : In Apologetic, Tertullian explains he doesn’t eat lying down during the feasts of Liber in Carthage. This hint seems to indicate that he had the right to do it. Eating lying down was a prerogative for town councilors in colonies and municipia, as two excerpts of the lex Flavia, occidental inscriptions and iconography attest. The upshot is that Tertullian was probably town councilors of Carthage. It brings the question of his participation to public meals during religious feasts and the tolerance whose he enjoyed within the municipal council of Carthage.


La luna (piena?) e la decomposizione della carne. Nota a Pseudo-Alessandro di Afrodisia, Probl. I, 66 Ideler  – p. 29-46.

Résumé : L’article porte sur un des Problèmes faussement attribués à Alexandre d’Aphrodise (I, 66 Ideler), qui s’interroge sur les causes de l’action putréfiante des rayons de la lune : une question longuement débattue dans l’Antiquité, pour laquelle le Pseudo-Alexandre propose une solution semblable à celle avancée par Galien et Macrobe. On donne ici une nouvelle édition du problème, basée sur seize manuscrits.


Un nuevo códice de medicina del período presalernitano: Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale de France, lat. 7730 (s. IX)  – p. 47-62.

Abstract : Several late antique medical texts are identified for the first time in the ninth century manuscript Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France, lat. 7730. This manuscript had not been included up to date in prominent catalogues of early medieval medical manuscripts like those by Diels, Beccaria, and Wickersheimer. Concerning Galen’s Ad Glauconem, the article first describes to what extent the text of the Paris manuscript corresponds to the one of Montecassino, Biblioteca dell’Abbazia, 97, and then describes how it also corresponds to the first book of the editio princeps by Bonardo.


« De dei iudicio qui episcopum fecit » : les élections épiscopales en Afrique du IIIème au Vème siècle – p. 63-93.

Abstract : Since the beginning of Christianity, the recruitment of the episcopal body has given rise to many taboos and has many obstacles; the restrictions are both religious and civil and the legislation of the laity complements the minimum expected by the bishops. The choice of the candidate is difficult to define because it is not always easy to link to the canonical theory a practical reality. Several factors are taken into account in the choice of the candidate: beyond the legal obligations, one expects of the moral virtues whose normative sources do not say anything. After studying the African texts addressing the issue of episcopal election, we will attempt to respect the theoretical scheme of the acts of recruitment to the episcopate: the choice of the candidate, his appointment and his consecration. In particular, one has to wonder about his previous career, which does not necessarily follow the ecclesiastical or monastic path. The study of the motivations of the candidates is impossible because they can not be evaluated by sources which limit them to a divine revelation.


Il commentario inedito di Adolf Emper (Ms. Leid. BPG 89, ff. 31-84v), Sulla regalità (Orr. 3-4) di Dione di Prusa – p. 95-145.

Abstract : Adolf K. W. Emper (Brunswick 1806-1844) in his unpublished commentary on the Dio’s of Prusa third and fourth speech de Regno, offers a noteworthy contribution to the textual criticism of both orations, reviewing and discussing the opinions and the interpretations of scholars such I. I. Reiske, J. Geel and F. Jacobs.


Saberes y relatos del cuerpo en Las bodas de Filología y Mercurio de Marciano Capela – p. 147-162.

Abstract : The present paper approaches the relation between knowledge and body in Martianus Capella’s De nuptiis Philologiae et Mercurii. Our general perspective considers the work as a menippean satire focused on knowledge and knowledges and attacking discourse in multiple levels. This approach implies the revision of a series of concepts –such as knowledge, discourse, silence– whose nature seems necessary to specify, in order to deepen into the idea of ‘corporal’ knowledge. Within the frame of search of union with a transcendent, non-discursive knowledge, the body is object of narrative tension, since it is marginalized in the allegorical paradigm of the wedding, which is mostly spiritual. This tension, projected in the category of the body, is precisely the focus of the present paper.