Numéro en cours

Sommaire RET 10 (2020-2021)

NB : Pour lire l’intégralité des articles, voir ci-contre la rubrique Téléchargements.

ARTICLES

1. ALESSANDRO DE MARTINI, ANDREA MURACE

Nota comparativa sulle relazioni tra il cosidetto Paradoxographus Palatinus e la Parafrasi degli ῾Ἰξευτικά – p. 1-22.

Abstract: The idea of the dependence of a textual portion of the so-called Paradoxographus Palatinus (PP) from the paraphrase of the didactic poem Ἰξευτικά , never taken into account for the Paraphrase’s textual constitution, has been reinforced by some findings of the research on the PP, so as to suggest to carry out a comparative analysis of the points of contact between the two texts. The main results of such analysis, which seem to offer additional elements on the manuscript tradition of the Ἰξευτικά and, potentially, indicate a few verae lectiones, are the subject of the present note.

2. ANNE GANGLOFF

L’empereur romain aux IIe et IIIe siècles : corps physique et corps symbolique d’après les historiens antiques  – p. 23-49.

Abstract: This paper focuses on the bodies of the emperors of the 2nd and 3rd centuries (excluding the Tetrarchs), which have not been the subject of a systematic study. How can we approach these imperial bodies through the ancient historical sources? The four main sources are Cassius Dio, Herodian, the scriptor of the so- called Historia Augusta, and the pseudo-Aurelius Victor. I examine how much emphasis they place on the physical description of emperors and how they measure the impact of the body on imperial stature. I then consider the criteria used to assess “corporeality”, a broader notion than that of the body, involving clothing, food, and sexual practices in particular. Finally, I analyze the evolution of the perception of imperial bodies: one of the relevant changes between the written sources of the first half of the third century and those of the end of the fourth century, is that it becomes increasingly difficult to get an idea of the real imperial body.

3. CHIARA TELESCA

Il canto del cigno nella collezione di Metabaseis del Laur. Plut. 58.24  – p. 51-71.

Abstract: The present article aims to analyse two excerpts contained in the Metabaseis collection of ms. Laurentianus Plut. 58.24 that describe the advent of Apollo to Delphi. By tracing their literary tradition and their linguistic and metric peculiarities, I will propose some hypotheses regarding their context of origin and their possible attribution.

4. MANTÉ LEYKAITYTÉ OSTERMANN

Références à des groupes religieux dans les canons des conciles grecs du IVe siècle, une enquête terminologique – p. 73-120.

Résumé: La présente contribution est une enquête sur les termes et les notions liés aux groupes religieux dans les canons disciplinaires des conciles grecs du IVe siècle : Ancyre (314), Néocésarée (ca 314-319), Nicée (325), Antioche (ca 330), Gangres (entre 340 et 360), Laodicée (entre 360 et 380) et Constantinople (381). Le concile d’Arles (314) est également pris en considération. Bien que les catégories religieuses d’« hérétiques », de « juifs » et de « païens » aient été largement usitées dans les écrits chrétiens dès avant le IVe siècle, leur apparition dans la législation de l’Église fut lente et graduelle. On arrive certes à repérer une certaine cohérence terminologique à l’intérieur des canons d’un seul concile, mais il n’y pas de vocabulaire technique homogène pour tous les canons du IVe siècle, et le sens précis des mêmes termes peut varier selon la perspective de chaque concile. Il s’agit d’un processus législatif où des différents groupes religieux sont nommés parce qu’il faut définir les modalités permettant soit de les intégrer dans l’Église, soit de s’en distinguer.

5. FABRIZIO PETORELLA

« In mezzo a noi ». Osservazioni sull’espressione τῶν πεπληροφορημένων ἐν ἡμῖν πραγμάτων di Lc 1, 1   – p. 121-135.

Abstract: This paper deals with the issue of the correct interpretation of τῶν πεπληροφορημένων ἐν ἡμῖν πραγμάτων, an obscure expression which appears in the Prologue of the Gospel of Luke. Several scholars read this passage as a reference to the fulfillment of the Old Testament prophecies, considering the rare verb πληροφορεῖν a synonym of πληροῦν and συμπληροῦν, with the meaning of ‘fulfill’. However, an overview of the Lukan passages in which these two verbs indicate the fulfillment of something pre-established by God shows a strong connection between this fulfillment and the place where it is meant to happen, namely the city of Jerusalem. Thus, in the expression τῶν πεπληροφορημένων ἐν ἡμῖν πραγμάτων, the words ἐν ἡμῖν can be interpreted as a reference to the first Christian community, who lived in Jerusalem, had the good fortune to witness the most important events in the Economy of Salvation, and first saw in them the fulfillment of the Old Testament prophecies.